Identifying the top ten countries in need of WASH financing

Posted on 05/10/16 by Amy Keegan (WaterAid UK)

 

In order to encourage greater targeting of resources and ODA, we have selected the ten countries we believe to be most in need of development finance. These countries are: Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

These countries were identified as the top ten countries most in need of WASH financing through a methodology that took into consideration current access to WASH facilities by percentage, population, health impacts and progress rates. The methodology is as follows:

 

1. Locate where 90% of the global population who do not have access to improved sanitation reside.

 Using JMP data calculate the figure for 90% of the global population who do not have access to improved sanitation.  Sort countries in order of population without access to improved sanitation from largest to smallest. Sum cumulatively from top to bottom until 90% of the global population without access have been selected. Make a note of the countries that were selected.  

2. Locate where 90% of the global population who do not have access to improved water reside.

Using JMP data calculate the figure for 90% of the global population who do not have access to improved water.  Sort countries in order of population without access to improved water from largest to smallest. Sum cumulatively from top to bottom until 90% of the global population without access have been selected. Make a note of the countries that were selected. 

3. Identify countries in which 60% of the population do not have access to improved sanitation.

Using JMP data, identify each country in which 60% of the population does not have access to improved sanitation. Make a note of the countries that were selected. 

4.Identify countries in which 20% of the population do not have access to improved water.

Using JMP data, identify each country in which 20% of the population does not have access to improved sanitation. Make a note of the countries that were selected. 

5. Locate where 90% of the global under five deaths from diarrhoea occur.

Using the Global Health Observatory Data Repository, calculate the figure for 90% of global under five diarrhoeal deaths.  Sort countries in order of deaths from largest to smallest then sum cumulatively from top to bottom until 90% of the global deaths have been selected. Make a note of the countries that were selected. 

6. Review to see the countries that were selected the most from the first five steps.

Using the steps above, fourteen countries were selected in all categories: Afghanistan, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

7. Identify top ten countries factoring in progress rates.

Using JMP data, calculate the percentage change in access to improved sanitation between 2000 and 2015. (Due to the greater population without access to sanitation as opposed to water globally, sanitation was selected as it represents a greater challenge.) Sort countries in percentage change from lowest to highest and select ten countries with the least progress in the fifteen year period.

 

Using the methodology detailed above, we identified the top ten countries in need of financing are: Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

 

Amy Keegan is a Policy Officer for Monitoring and Accountability at WaterAid UK. She tweets as @amy_keegan