Identifying the top ten countries in need of WASH financing

Posted on 03/08/16 by Amy Keegan (WaterAid UK)

In order to encourage greater targeting of resources and ODA, we have developed a methodology to identify the ten countries that are most in need of more development finance for WASH. After the recent JMP release of the Sustainable Development Goals baseline report, we have further developed the methodology and identified our new top ten countries.

Our priority ten countries in need of WASH financing are Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Eritrea, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Sudan. 

These countries were identified as the top ten countries most in need of WASH official development assistance financing through a methodology that took into consideration current access to WASH facilities by percentage, population, health impacts, progress rates and current levels of WASH funding. 

So how much WASH funding are donors sending to these countries?

Within the OECD Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC) countries the average amount of WASH funding going to the ten priority countries is 5.5%. However there is a wide range within these 30 countries from the highest (Denmark and Luxembourg both give over 28%,) to the 12 countries that give 0%. These countries should be prioritised for WASH funding as they are experiencing stagnation of progress towards WASH access, detrimental health impacts and a lack of WASH funding. However, it is clear from the figures in the table below that these countries are not being prioritised by OECD-DAC donors. 

Donor Percentage of WASH funding going to WASHwatch ten priority countries 2015
Australia 0.0%
Austria 0.3%
Belgium 20.7%
Canada 1.5%
Czech Republic 0.0%
Denmark 28.0%
European Union 11.7%
Finland 0.0%
France 10.7%
Germany 1.7%
Greece 0.0%
Hungary 0.0%
Iceland 0.0%
Ireland 13.0%
Italy 2.9%
Japan 1.3%
Luxembourg 34.4%
Netherlands 6.6%
New Zealand 0.0%
Norway 2.2%
Poland 0.0%
Portugal 0.0%
Slovakia 0.0%
Slovenia 0.0%
South Korea 0.2%
Spain 0.3%
Sweden 0.0%
Switzerland 6.0%
United Kingdom 6.6%
United States 4.0%

Figure 1: OECD-DAC countries percentage of donor's WASH funding that is going to priority ten countries.

The methodology

1.Locate where 90% of the global population who do not have access to at least basic sanitation reside.

Method: Using JMP data calculate the figure for 90% of the global population who do not have access to at least basic sanitation.  Sort countries in order of population without access to at least basic sanitation from largest to smallest. Sum cumulatively from top to bottom until 90% of the global population without access have been selected. Give each selected country a score of one point.

 

2.Locate where 90% of the global population who do not have access to at least basic water reside.

Method: Using JMP data calculate the figure for 90% of the global population who do not have access to at least basic water.  Sort countries in order of population without access to at least basic water from largest to smallest. Sum cumulatively from top to bottom until 90% of the global population without access have been selected. Give each selected country a score of one point.

 

3.Identify countries in which at least 60% of the population do not have access to at least basic sanitation.

Method: Using JMP data, identify each country in which 60% of the population does not have access to at least basic sanitation. Give each selected country a score of one point.

 

4.Identify countries in which at least 40% of the population do not have access to at least basic water.

Method: Using JMP data, identify each country in which 40% of the population does not have access to at least basic sanitation. Give each selected country a score of one point.

 

5.Identify countries in which at least 40% of the population have to defecate in the open

Method: Using JMP data, identify each country in which at least 40% of the population has to defecate in the open. Give each selected country a score of one point.

 

6.Locate where 90% of the global under five deaths from diarrhoea caused by poor WASH occur.

Method: Using WASHwatch, calculate the figure for 90% of global under five diarrhoeal deaths.  Sort countries in order of deaths from largest to smallest then sum cumulatively from top to bottom until 90% of the global deaths have been selected. Give each selected country a score of one point.

 

7.Identify countries in which more than 200 children out of every 100,000 die from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH. 

Method: Using WASHwatch, identify each country in which more than 200 children out of every 100,000 die from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH. Give each selected country a score of one point. calculate the figure for 90% of global under five diarrhoeal deaths. 

 

8.Identify countries that receive less than $0.50 USD funding to WASH per unserved person

Method: Using WASHwatch, identify countries that receive less than $0.50 WASH funding per person without water or sanitation. Give each selected country a score of two points.

Using the methodology detailed above, we identified the top ten countries in need of financing are: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Eritrea, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Sudan. 

 

Amy Keegan is a Policy Officer for Monitoring and Accountability at WaterAid UK. She tweets as @amy_keegan