Country comparison

  • Good progress
  • Some progress
  • Little progress
Group total
Ethiopia
Kenya
Rwanda
Tanzania
Uganda
Declarations & Commitments
National
Joint Sector Review 7 commitments
<>
Uganda SWA commitments 6 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or None <>
Ethiopia SWA Commitments 7 commitments
GoodGood <>
Kenya SWA Commitments 7 commitments
GoodGood <>
Rwanda SWA Commitments 9 commitments
GoodGood <>
Tanzania SWA Commitments 8 commitments
GoodGood <>
WASH and Nutrition Integration 2 commitments
SomeSome <>
Regional
Ngor 2015 10 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or None <>
eThekwini 2015 13 commitments
GoodGoodGoodGoodGoodGood <>
eThekwini 2013 13 commitments
GoodGoodGoodGoodGoodGood <>
Global
Rights to Water & Sanitation 1 commitment
Little or NoneLittle or NoneSomeLittle or NoneLittle or NoneSome <>
Sustainable Development Goals 6 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or None <>
MDG 7 - Water and Sanitation 2 commitments
SomeSomeLittle or NoneSomeLittle or NoneSome <>
Statistics
General
Population
Source: World Bank
260M 102.0M (2016) 48.5M (2016) 11.9M (2016) 55.6M (2016) 41.5M (2016)
% of Population Living Below Poverty Line N/A 29.6 (2011) 45.9 (2005) 44.9 (2010) 28.2 (2011) 19.5 (2012)
Human Development Index Value
Source: United Nations Development Programme
The Human Development Index (HDI) is an index used to rank countries by level of "human development" by the United Nations Development Programme. The HDI combines normalized measures of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. It is claimed as a standard means of measuring human development.
N/A 0.45 (2015) 0.56 (2015) 0.50 (2015) 0.53 (2015) 0.49 (2015)
Human Development Index Rank
Source: Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is an index used to rank countries by level of "human development" by the United Nations Development Programme. The HDI combines normalized measures of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. It is claimed as a standard means of measuring human development.
N/A 174 (2015) 146 (2015) 159 (2015) 151 (2015) 163 (2015)
Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index Score
Source: Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index The ND-GAIN Country Index, summarises a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience.
N/A 40.0 (2015) 38.9 (2015) 41.6 (2015) 40.9 (2015) 33.6 (2015)
GDP ($USD in Millions)
Source: World Bank
224K 72.4K (2016) 70.5K (2016) 8.4K (2016) 47.4K (2016) 25.5K (2016)
% of Population living in Urban Environment 22.50 19 (2015) 26 (2015) 29 (2015)No data 16 (2015)
Water
Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
135M 60.5M (2015) 19.10M (2015) 5.0M (2015) 26.70M (2015) 23.80M (2015)
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
48.67 39.1 (2015) 58.5 (2015) 56.7 (2015) 50.1 (2015) 38.9 (2015)
% of Population with access to 'safely managed' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Safely managed’ water refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
8.49 10.50 (2015)No dataNo dataNo data 6.44 (2015)
% of Population using 'limited' water source
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ water source refers to drinking water from an improved source for which collection time exceeds 30 minutes for a round trip including queuing.
21.05 24.6 (2015) 8.71 (2015) 21.2 (2015) 12.80 (2015) 37.90 (2015)
% of Population using an 'unimproved' water source
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ water source refers to drinking water from an unprotected dug well or unprotected spring.
17.80 25.0 (2015) 10.0 (2015) 15.0 (2015) 24.0 (2015) 15.0 (2015)
% of Population using surface water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Surface water’ refers to drinking water directly from a river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation canal.
12.80 12.00 (2015) 23.0 (2015) 8.00 (2015) 13.0 (2015) 8.0 (2015)
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
39.60 30.0 (2015) 50.0 (2015) 49.0 (2015) 37.0 (2015) 32.0 (2015)
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
77.80 77.0 (2015) 83.0 (2015) 77.0 (2015) 79.0 (2015) 73.0 (2015)
Sanitation
Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
40M 92.4M (2015) 32.3M (2015) 4.4M (2015) 40.9M (2015) 31.6M (2015)
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
28.39 7.1 (2015) 29.8 (2015) 62.3 (2015) 23.5 (2015) 19.2 (2015)
% of Population using 'limited' sanitation service
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ sanitation facilities refers to improved facilities shared between two or more households.
13.97 6.8 (2015) 21.4 (2015) 13.9 (2015) 13.3 (2015) 14.4 (2015)
% of Population using an 'unimproved' sanitation service
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ sanitation facilities refers to the use of pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines.
45.88 58.9 (2015) 36.7 (2015) 21.7 (2015) 51.9 (2015) 60.2 (2015)
% of Population who defecate in the open
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Open Defecation’ refers to the disposal of human faeces in fields, forests, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches or other open spaces, or with solid waste.
11.72 27.00 (2015) 12.0 (2015) 2.12 (2015) 11.3 (2015) 6.2 (2015)
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
26.00 4.0 (2015) 28.0 (2015) 64.0 (2015) 17.0 (2015) 17.0 (2015)
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
35.00 18.0 (2015) 35.0 (2015) 57.0 (2015) 37.0 (2015) 28.0 (2015)
Hygiene
% of Population with access to 'basic' hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Basic’ hygiene refers to the availability of a handwashing facility on premises with soap and water.
15.13 1.02 (2015) 14.0 (2015) 5.43 (2015) 47.6 (2015) 7.6 (2015)
% of Population with access to 'limited' hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ hygiene refers to the availability of a handwashing facility on premises without soap and water.
16.63 1.2 (2015) 16.5 (2015) 8.6 (2015) 35.4 (2015) 21.5 (2015)
% of Population with no access to hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘No facility’ refers to no handwashing facility on premises.
68.24 97.8 (2015) 69.6 (2015) 86.0 (2015) 17.0 (2015) 70.9 (2015)
WASH Finance
Actual Government Spending in WASH as a % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) N/A No data 0.60 (2013) 0.42 (2012) 1.01 (2012)No data
Planned Government Spending in WASH as a % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) N/A 1.32 (2012) 0.53 (2015) 0.79 (2015) 0.74 (2015) 0.42 (2015)
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received ($USD in Millions)
Source: OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
13K 3.66K (2015) 3,020 (2015) 1.22K (2015) 2,990 (2015) 1,860 (2015)
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation ($USD in Millions)
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
424.13 148.0 (2015) 82.8 (2015) 3.5 (2015) 112.0 (2015) 78.2 (2015)
% of the Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
3.00 4.03 (2015) 2.74 (2015) 0.29 (2015) 3.75 (2015) 4.21 (2015)
Official Development Assistance (ODA) for Water and Sanitation Received Per Capita without Access to Adequate Water and Sanitation ($USD)
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System and WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
1.34 1.05 (2015) 1.82 (2015) 0.38 (2015) 1.80 (2015) 1.66 (2015)
Health
Life Expectancy at Birth (Years) 63.18 64.6 (2015) 62.1 (2015) 64.5 (2015) 65.5 (2015) 59.2 (2015)
Under 5 Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) 50.72 59.2 (2015) 49.4 (2015) 41.7 (2015) 48.7 (2015) 54.6 (2015)
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases among children aged under 5 years 39K 14.70K (2015) 8.92K (2015) 1.59K (2015) 5.85K (2015) 7.89K (2015)
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH among children aged under 5 years
Source: WASHwatch Calculations based on data from The Lancet Read our blog on WASH related Diarrheal Disease to learn more.
23K 8.50K (2015) 5.17K (2015) 0.92K (2015) 3.39K (2015) 4.58K (2015)
Number of deaths due to Diarrhoeal diseases among children aged under 5 years (per 1,000 live births)
Source: The Lancet
77.84 5 (2015) 122 (2015) 93 (2015) 63 (2015) 107 (2015)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Water Point N/A 32.0 (2012) 83.0 (2010) 71.0 (2007) 65.0 (2006) 66.0 (2008)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Sanitation Facility N/A 85.0 (2013) 98.0 (2011) 73.0 (2008) 93.0 (2007) 59.0 (2009)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Hygiene Point N/A No data 58.0 (2010) 22.0 (2007) 59.0 (2006) 44.0 (2008)
% of Stunting in Children Under 5 38.00 40.0 (2014) 26.0 (2014) 38.0 (2015) 35.0 (2014) 34.0 (2012)
Cholera Cases Reported 26K 1.68K (2010) 13,300 (2015) 0.01K (2012) 11,600 (2015) 1,460 (2015)
Education
Adult Literacy Rate (% of population over 15) 70.48 49.0 (2015) 78.0 (2015) 71.2 (2015) 80.4 (2015) 73.8 (2015)
% of Schools with Water Services 60.60 39.0 (2013) 42.0 (2013) 89.0 (2013) 59.0 (2013) 74.0 (2013)
% of Schools with Sanitation Services 47.60 37.0 (2013) 20.0 (2013) 95.0 (2013) 11.0 (2013) 75.0 (2013)
Infrastructures
Total cost to extend basic water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000 USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 705K 221.0K (2015) 113.0K (2015) 37.0K (2015) 256.0K (2015) 77.3K (2015)
Total cost to extend adequate sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 5M 3,510K (2015) 794K (2015) 87K (2015) 510K (2015) 269K (2015)
Total cost to extend hygiene services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 749K 126.0K (2015) 72K (2015) 14.4K (2015) 491K (2015) 46K (2015)
Total cost to extend safely managed water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 4M 996K (2015) 0.66M (2015) 168K (2015) 1.39M (2015) 0.85M (2015)
Total cost to extend safely managed sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 4G 1,860M (2015) 650M (2015) 131M (2015) 1,060M (2015) 456M (2015)