Country comparison

  • Good progress
  • Some progress
  • Little progress
Group total
Lesotho
Madagascar
Malawi
Mozambique
South Africa
Swaziland
Zambia
Declarations & Commitments
National
SWA Commitments 13 commitments
SomeSome <>
Malawi SWA Commitments 7 commitments
SomeSome <>
Mozambique SWA Commitments 6 commitments
GoodGood <>
Zambia SWA Commitments 5 commitments
GoodGood <>
2016 Budget Speech 4 commitments
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Regional
Ngor 2015 10 commitments
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eThekwini 2015 13 commitments
GoodSomeGoodGoodSomeGoodSome <>
eThekwini 2013 13 commitments
GoodGoodGoodSomeGoodSome <>
Global
Rights to Water & Sanitation 1 commitment
Little or NoneLittle or NoneSomeLittle or NoneLittle or NoneGoodLittle or NoneLittle or None <>
Sustainable Development Goals 6 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or None <>
MDG 7 - Water and Sanitation 2 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneSomeLittle or NoneSomeSomeLittle or None <>
Statistics
General
Population
Source: World Bank
148M 2.2M (2016) 24.9M (2016) 18.1M (2016) 28.8M (2016) 55.9M (2016) 1.3M (2016) 16.6M (2016)
% of Population Living Below Poverty Line N/A 57.1 (2010) 75.3 (2010) 50.7 (2010) 54.7 (2008) 53.8 (2010) 63.0 (2009) 60.5 (2010)
Human Development Index Value
Source: United Nations Development Programme
The Human Development Index (HDI) is an index used to rank countries by level of "human development" by the United Nations Development Programme. The HDI combines normalized measures of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. It is claimed as a standard means of measuring human development.
N/A 0.50 (2015) 0.51 (2015) 0.48 (2015) 0.42 (2015) 0.67 (2015) 0.54 (2015) 0.58 (2015)
Human Development Index Rank
Source: Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is an index used to rank countries by level of "human development" by the United Nations Development Programme. The HDI combines normalized measures of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. It is claimed as a standard means of measuring human development.
N/A 160 (2015) 158 (2015) 170 (2015) 181 (2015) 119 (2015) 148 (2015) 139 (2015)
Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index Score
Source: Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index The ND-GAIN Country Index, summarises a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience.
N/A 37.3 (2015) 36.0 (2015) 38.5 (2015) 38.6 (2015) 53.3 (2015) 39.9 (2015) 41.9 (2015)
GDP ($USD in Millions)
Source: World Bank
347K 2.2K (2016) 10.0K (2016) 5.4K (2016) 11.0K (2016) 295.0K (2016) 3.7K (2016) 19.6K (2016)
% of Population living in Urban Environment 33.99 27 (2015) 35 (2015) 16 (2015) 32 (2015) 65 (2015) 21 (2015) 41 (2015)
Water
Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
48M 0.61M (2015) 12.00M (2015) 5.65M (2015) 14.80M (2015) 8.34M (2015) 0.42M (2015) 6.29M (2015)
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
64.32 71.6 (2015) 50.6 (2015) 67.2 (2015) 47.3 (2015) 84.7 (2015) 67.6 (2015) 61.2 (2015)
% of Population using 'limited' water source
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ water source refers to drinking water from an improved source for which collection time exceeds 30 minutes for a round trip including queuing.
10.73 11.6 (2015) 2.6 (2015) 19.7 (2015) 14.3 (2015) 10.3 (2015)No data 5.9 (2015)
% of Population using an 'unimproved' water source
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ water source refers to drinking water from an unprotected dug well or unprotected spring.
16.29 16.0 (2015) 31.0 (2015) 10.0 (2015) 24.0 (2015) 2.0 (2015) 10.0 (2015) 21.0 (2015)
% of Population using surface water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Surface water’ refers to drinking water directly from a river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation canal.
9.14 1.0 (2015) 16.0 (2015) 3.0 (2015) 14.0 (2015) 3.0 (2015) 15.0 (2015) 12.0 (2015)
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
51.71 66.0 (2015) 34.0 (2015) 63.0 (2015) 32.0 (2015) 63.0 (2015) 60.0 (2015) 44.0 (2015)
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
87.57 87 (2015) 82 (2015) 87 (2015) 79 (2015) 97 (2015) 95 (2015) 86 (2015)
Sanitation
Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
12M 1M (2015) 22M (2015) 10M (2015) 21M (2015) 15M (2015) 1M (2015) 11M (2015)
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
40.41 43.8 (2015) 9.7 (2015) 43.5 (2015) 23.6 (2015) 73.1 (2015) 58.0 (2015) 31.1 (2015)
% of Population using 'limited' sanitation service
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ sanitation facilities refers to improved facilities shared between two or more households.
15.99 17.20 (2015) 14.50 (2015) 23.20 (2015) 4.59 (2015) 16.50 (2015) 23.70 (2015) 12.20 (2015)
% of Population using an 'unimproved' sanitation service
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ sanitation facilities refers to the use of pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines.
22.92 8.95 (2015) 31.90 (2015) 26.80 (2015) 35.90 (2015) 8.15 (2015) 7.30 (2015) 41.50 (2015)
% of Population who defecate in the open
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Open Defecation’ refers to the disposal of human faeces in fields, forests, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches or other open spaces, or with solid waste.
20.69 30.00 (2015) 43.90 (2015) 6.47 (2015) 36.00 (2015) 2.25 (2015) 10.90 (2015) 15.20 (2015)
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
35.71 43.0 (2015) 6.0 (2015) 43.0 (2015) 12.0 (2015) 69.0 (2015) 58.0 (2015) 19.0 (2015)
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
48.71 46.0 (2015) 16.0 (2015) 49.0 (2015) 47.0 (2015) 76.0 (2015) 58.0 (2015) 49.0 (2015)
Hygiene
% of Population with access to 'basic' hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Basic’ hygiene refers to the availability of a handwashing facility on premises with soap and water.
18.43 2.1 (2015) 50.5 (2015) 9.7 (2015) 11.9 (2015)No data 22.9 (2015) 13.5 (2015)
% of Population with access to 'limited' hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ hygiene refers to the availability of a handwashing facility on premises without soap and water.
32.07 2.69 (2015) 23.00 (2015) 75.30 (2015) 32.80 (2015)No data 30.80 (2015) 27.90 (2015)
% of Population with no access to hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘No facility’ refers to no handwashing facility on premises.
49.50 95.2 (2015) 26.5 (2015) 15.0 (2015) 55.3 (2015)No data 46.4 (2015) 58.6 (2015)
WASH Finance
Actual Government Spending in WASH as a % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) N/A No dataNo dataNo data 1.35 (2013)No data 0.78 (2013)No data
Planned Government Spending in WASH as a % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) N/A 5.19 (2015) 0.12 (2015) 0.02 (2015) 1.45 (2013) 0.68 (2012) 0.41 (2015) 0.28 (2015)
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received ($USD in Millions)
Source: OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
6K 138 (2016) 669 (2016) 1,300 (2016) 1,810 (2016) 1,310 (2016) 159 (2016) 1,050 (2016)
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation ($USD in Millions)
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
228.34 11.3 (2016) 9.4 (2016) 17.7 (2016) 70.0 (2016) 26.4 (2016) 10.1 (2016) 83.4 (2016)
% of the Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
0.04 0.08 (2016) 0.01 (2016) 0.01 (2016) 0.04 (2016) 0.02 (2016) 0.06 (2016) 0.08 (2016)
Health
Life Expectancy at Birth (Years) 57.39 50.0 (2015) 65.5 (2015) 63.8 (2015) 55.4 (2015) 57.4 (2015) 48.9 (2015) 60.8 (2015)
Under 5 Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) 63.93 90.2 (2015) 49.6 (2015) 64.0 (2015) 78.5 (2015) 40.5 (2015) 60.7 (2015) 64.0 (2015)
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases among children aged under 5 years 24K 804.0 (2015) 6,670.0 (2015) 5,400.0 (2015) 4,380.0 (2015) 3,030.0 (2015) 362.0 (2015) 3,380.0 (2015)
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH among children aged under 5 years
Source: WASHwatch Calculations based on data from The Lancet Read our blog on WASH related Diarrheal Disease to learn more.
14K 466 (2015) 3,870 (2015) 3,130 (2015) 2,540 (2015) 1,760 (2015) 210 (2015) 1,960 (2015)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Water Point N/A No data 69.0 (2005) 94.0 (2014)No dataNo dataNo data 88.0 (2010)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Sanitation Facility N/A No dataNo data 37.0 (2015)No dataNo dataNo data 95.0 (2011)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Hygiene Point N/A No dataNo data 55.0 (2014)No dataNo dataNo data 97.0 (2010)
% of Stunting in Children Under 5 33.67 33.0 (2014) 49.0 (2009) 42.0 (2014) 43.0 (2011) 24.0 (2008) 26.0 (2014) 40.0 (2013)
Cholera Cases Reported 9K No data 0 (2006) 693 (2015) 8,740 (2015) 1 (2013) 19 (2009) 198 (2012)
Education
Adult Literacy Rate (% of population over 15) 76.59 79.4 (2015) 64.7 (2015) 66.0 (2015) 58.8 (2015) 94.6 (2015) 87.5 (2015) 85.1 (2015)
% of Schools with Water Services 64.86 30.0 (2013) 25.0 (2013) 88.0 (2013) 68.0 (2013) 94.0 (2013) 65.0 (2013) 84.0 (2013)
% of Schools with Sanitation Services 51.57 40.0 (2013) 29.0 (2013) 25.0 (2013) 50.0 (2013) 100.0 (2013) 72.0 (2013) 45.0 (2013)
Infrastructures
Total cost to extend basic water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000 USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 354K 3.8K (2015) 52.1K (2015) 17.0K (2015) 84.4K (2015) 105.0K (2015) 2.4K (2015) 89.6K (2015)
Total cost to extend adequate sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 988K 9.2K (2015) 134.0K (2015) 102.0K (2015) 226.0K (2015) 370.0K (2015) 7.7K (2015) 139.0K (2015)
Total cost to extend hygiene services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 451K 2.10K (2015) 72.90K (2015) 65.60K (2015) 140.00K (2015) 39.80K (2015) 2.48K (2015) 129.00K (2015)
Total cost to extend safely managed water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 5M 82K (2015) 1,150K (2015) 214K (2015) 901K (2015) 1,580K (2015) 32K (2015) 1,040K (2015)
Total cost to extend safely managed sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 2G 27M (2015) 237M (2015) 125M (2015) 374M (2015) 971M (2015) 30M (2015) 385M (2015)