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Western Africa

Summary

Country Sanitation Verdict Water Verdict WASH % of gov. budget
Benin 14/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Burkina Faso 16/ 20 17/ 20 N/A
Cape Verde 1/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Cote d'Ivoire 6/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Gambia 13/ 20 6/ 20 N/A
Ghana 15/ 20 13/ 20 N/A
Guinea-Bissau 15/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Guinea-Conakry 15/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Liberia 10/ 20 1/ 20 N/A
Mali 15/ 20 16/ 20 N/A
Mauritania 11/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Niger 13/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Nigeria 11/ 20 12/ 20 N/A
Senegal 18/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Sierra Leone 15/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Togo 9/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Download Spreadsheet (csv)

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Key:

2
= Good progress
1
= Some progress
0
= No progress
n/a
= Don't know
Country Total Policy Institutions Finance Monitoring
San. policy San. plan Priority in PRSP Single lead Coordinating body Capacity dev. Budget line Investment plan 0.5% GDP Monitoring
Benin 14 2 2 2 2 2 0 2 0 1 1
Burkina Faso 16 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 N/A
Cape Verde 1 N/A 1 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cote d'Ivoire 6 2 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Gambia 13 2 1 2 2 2 2 0 1 1 N/A
Ghana 15 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 0 1 1
Guinea-Bissau 15 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 2
Guinea-Conakry 15 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 2
Liberia 10 2 2 1 2 1 2 0 0 0 0
Mali 15 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 0
Mauritania 11 2 0 1 1 2 2 2 0 1 0
Niger 13 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 0 0 1
Nigeria 11 0 1 2 2 1 2 2 0 1 N/A
Senegal 18 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1
Sierra Leone 15 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2
Togo 9 0 2 2 0 0 2 1 0 2 0

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Policy
San. policy
Did they sign eThekwini?
San. plan
Is there a national sanitation policy?
Priority in PRSP
Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target?
Institutions
Single lead
What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP?
Coordinating body
Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership?
Capacity dev.
Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders?
Finance
Budget line
Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation?
Investment plan
Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation?
0.5% GDP
Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system?
Monitoring
Monitoring
Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects?
Download Spreadsheet (csv)

Water Policy

(Monitoring the Sharm el-Sheikh declaration)

Key:

2
= Good progress
1
= Some progress
0
= No progress
n/a
= Don't know
Country Total Policy Institutions Finance Monitoring
Water policy Water plan Targeting poor Lead ministry Clear roles Donors harmonising Capacity dev. Investment plan Adequate resource Monitoring
Benin 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Burkina Faso 17 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Cape Verde 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cote d'Ivoire 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gambia 6 2 N/A N/A 2 2 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Ghana 13 2 1 1 2 2 0 2 2 1 0
Guinea-Bissau 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Guinea-Conakry 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Liberia 1 1 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mali 16 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1
Mauritania 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Niger 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Nigeria 12 2 1 1 2 1 N/A 2 2 1 N/A
Senegal 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Sierra Leone 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Togo 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

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Policy
Water policy
Is there a comprehensive policy for water supply?
Water plan
Is there a plan for meeting the water MDG target or equivalent?
Targeting poor
Are there specific measures in the plan for targeting poor people, and addressing the interests of women?
Institutions
Lead ministry
Is there a lead ministry responsible for water supply?
Clear roles
Is there clear separation of institutional roles?
Donors harmonising
Are donors harmonising their support behind national sector plans?
Capacity dev.
Is there provision within the policy for water supply sector capacity development?
Finance
Investment plan
Is there a sector investment plan for water supply?
Adequate resource
Are actors responsible for delivering water supply services adequately resourced, particularly if local governments?
Monitoring
Monitoring
Is there an effective framework for performance monitoring?

WASH Finance for 2012

Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Country WASH Budget as % Gov. total WASH Budget as % GDP WASH Budget $US WASH Budget (local currency) Sanitation budget (local currency) Total gov. budget (local currency) GDP $US exchange rate $US
Benin N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 7,290 472
Burkina Faso N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10,200 472
Cape Verde N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1,900 79.3
Cote d'Ivoire N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 24,100 472
Gambia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1,110 29.5
Ghana N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39,200 1.51
Guinea-Bissau N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 973 472
Guinea-Conakry N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 5,130 6,660
Liberia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1,160 72.2
Mali N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10,600 472
Mauritania N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 4,080 281
Niger N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 6,020 472
Nigeria N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 236,000 154
Senegal N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 14,300 472
Sierra Leone N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2,240 N/A
Togo N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3,590 472

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Financial Indicators
WASH Budget as % Gov. total
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget
WASH Budget as % GDP
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP
WASH Budget $US
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions)
WASH Budget (local currency)
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)
Sanitation budget (local currency)
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions)
Total gov. budget (local currency)
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions)
GDP $US
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF)
exchange rate $US
Average $US exchange rate for that year (xe.com)
Download Spreadsheet (csv)

Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Download Spreadsheet (csv)
Country Water Sanitation
Benin 76% 14%
Burkina Faso 80% 18%
Cape Verde 89% 63%
Cote d'Ivoire 80% 24%
Gambia 89% 68%
Ghana 86% 13%
Guinea-Bissau 72% 19%
Guinea-Conakry 74% 18%
Liberia 74% 18%
Mali 65% 22%
Mauritania 50% 27%
Niger 50% 10%
Nigeria 61% 31%
Senegal 73% 51%
Sierra Leone 57% 13%
Togo 59% 11%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments.

WASHwatch.org shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys‚ the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access

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