289,000 children die every year from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH
Posted on 13/06/17 by Amy Keegan (WaterAid UK)
The number of children under the age of 5 dying from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH is now estimated to be 289,000. This is a decrease of 26,000 deaths a year.
Recently released figures from the Lancet state estimates that in 499,000 children died from diarrhoea globally in 2015.
58% of diarrhoeal deaths are caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation, according to the “Burden of disease from inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene in low- and middle- income settings: a retrospective analysis of data from 145 countries.”
Therefore, WASHwatch can estimate that 289,420 children under 5 a year die from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor water, sanitation and hygiene.
(58% of 499,000 = 289,420)
Where are these deaths happening?
The countries with the highest number of deaths of under 5s from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH are India, Nigeria and Pakistan.(See Figure 1) When adjusted for population, Chad, Niger and Somalia have the highest deaths per 1,000 live births. (See Figure 2)
|5||Democratic Republic of the Congo||11,088|
Figure 1: Top ten countries with highest number of deaths by diarrhoeal diseases due to poor WASH
|9||Central African Republic||138|
Figure 2: Top ten countries with highest number of deaths by diarrhoeal diseases due to poor WASH per 1,000 live births.
Whilst it is encouraging that the overall global number of deaths is decreasing, it remains unacceptable that such a high number of children are dying from something as simple as not having access to clean water, decent sanitation and hygiene.
Amy Keegan is a Policy Officer - Monitoring and Accountability for WaterAid. She tweets as @amy_keegan