Country comparison

  • Good progress
  • Some progress
  • Little progress
Group total
Ethiopia
Kenya
Rwanda
Tanzania
Uganda
Declarations & Commitments
National
Joint Sector Review 7 commitments
<>
Uganda SWA commitments 6 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or None <>
Ethiopia SWA Commitments 7 commitments
GoodGood <>
Kenya SWA Commitments 7 commitments
GoodGood <>
Rwanda SWA Commitments 9 commitments
GoodGood <>
Tanzania SWA Commitments 8 commitments
GoodGood <>
WASH and Nutrition Integration 2 commitments
SomeSome <>
Regional
Ngor 2015 10 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or None <>
eThekwini 2015 13 commitments
GoodGoodGoodGoodGoodGood <>
eThekwini 2013 13 commitments
GoodGoodGoodGoodGoodGood <>
Global
Rights to Water & Sanitation 1 commitment
Little or NoneLittle or NoneSomeLittle or NoneLittle or NoneSome <>
Sustainable Development Goals 6 commitments
Little or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or NoneLittle or None <>
MDG 7 - Water and Sanitation 2 commitments
SomeSomeLittle or NoneSomeLittle or NoneSome <>
Statistics
General
Population
Source: World Bank
267M 105.0M (2017) 49.7M (2017) 12.2M (2017) 57.3M (2017) 42.9M (2017)
% of Population Living Below Poverty Line N/A 29.6 (2010) 36.1 (2015) 39.1 (2013) 28.2 (2011) 19.7 (2012)
% of Population living in Urban Environment 22.50 19 (2015) 26 (2015) 29 (2015)No data 16 (2015)
Water
Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
135M 60.5M (2015) 19.1M (2015) 5.0M (2015) 26.7M (2015) 23.8M (2015)
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
48.67 39.1 (2015) 58.5 (2015) 56.7 (2015) 50.1 (2015) 38.9 (2015)
% of Population with access to 'safely managed' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Safely managed’ water refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
8.49 10.50 (2015)No dataNo dataNo data 6.44 (2015)
% of Population using 'limited' water source
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ water source refers to drinking water from an improved source for which collection time exceeds 30 minutes for a round trip including queuing.
21.05 24.6 (2015) 8.7 (2015) 21.2 (2015) 12.8 (2015) 37.9 (2015)
% of Population using an 'unimproved' water source
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ water source refers to drinking water from an unprotected dug well or unprotected spring.
17.80 25.0 (2015) 10.0 (2015) 15.0 (2015) 24.0 (2015) 15.0 (2015)
% of Population using surface water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Surface water’ refers to drinking water directly from a river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation canal.
12.80 12.00 (2015) 23.00 (2015) 8.00 (2015) 13.00 (2015) 8.00 (2015)
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
39.60 30.0 (2015) 50.0 (2015) 49.0 (2015) 37.0 (2015) 32.0 (2015)
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' water
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
77.80 77.0 (2015) 83.0 (2015) 77.0 (2015) 79.0 (2015) 73.0 (2015)
Sanitation
Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
40M 92.4M (2015) 32.3M (2015) 4.4M (2015) 40.9M (2015) 31.6M (2015)
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
28.39 7.1 (2015) 29.8 (2015) 62.3 (2015) 23.5 (2015) 19.2 (2015)
% of Population using 'limited' sanitation service
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ sanitation facilities refers to improved facilities shared between two or more households.
13.97 6.8 (2015) 21.4 (2015) 13.9 (2015) 13.3 (2015) 14.4 (2015)
% of Population using an 'unimproved' sanitation service
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ sanitation facilities refers to the use of pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines.
45.88 58.9 (2015) 36.7 (2015) 21.7 (2015) 51.9 (2015) 60.2 (2015)
% of Population who defecate in the open
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Open Defecation’ refers to the disposal of human faeces in fields, forests, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches or other open spaces, or with solid waste.
11.72 27.00 (2015) 12.00 (2015) 2.12 (2015) 11.30 (2015) 6.21 (2015)
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
26.00 4.0 (2015) 28.0 (2015) 64.0 (2015) 17.0 (2015) 17.0 (2015)
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
35.00 18.0 (2015) 35.0 (2015) 57.0 (2015) 37.0 (2015) 28.0 (2015)
Hygiene
% of Population with access to 'basic' hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Basic’ hygiene refers to the availability of a handwashing facility on premises with soap and water.
15.13 1.02 (2015) 14.00 (2015) 5.43 (2015) 47.60 (2015) 7.60 (2015)
% of Population with access to 'limited' hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ hygiene refers to the availability of a handwashing facility on premises without soap and water.
16.63 1.2 (2015) 16.5 (2015) 8.6 (2015) 35.4 (2015) 21.5 (2015)
% of Population with no access to hygiene facility
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘No facility’ refers to no handwashing facility on premises.
68.24 97.8 (2015) 69.6 (2015) 86.0 (2015) 17.0 (2015) 70.9 (2015)
WASH Finance
Actual Government Spending in WASH as a % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) N/A No data 0.60 (2013) 0.42 (2012) 1.01 (2012)No data
Planned Government Spending in WASH as a % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) N/A 1.32 (2012) 0.53 (2015) 0.79 (2015) 0.74 (2015) 0.42 (2015)
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received ($USD in Millions)
Source: OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
12K 4.26K (2016) 2.59K (2016) 1.19K (2016) 2.46K (2016) 1.82K (2016)
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation ($USD in Millions)
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
439.01 152.0 (2016) 133.0 (2016) 6.9 (2016) 68.2 (2016) 78.8 (2016)
% of the Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
0.03 0.04 (2016) 0.05 (2016) 0.01 (2016) 0.03 (2016) 0.04 (2016)
WASH in Schools
% of schools with access to ‘basic water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic water service refers to water that is on site, an improved source and available.
56.50 No dataNo data 44.0 (2016)No data 69.0 (2016)
% of schools with access to a ‘limited water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
48.50 23.0 (2016) 75.0 (2016)No data 71.0 (2016) 25.0 (2016)
% of schools with no access to a water service 34.25 77.0 (2016) 25.0 (2016)No data 29.0 (2016) 6.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with access to ‘basic water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic water service refers to water that is on site, an improved source and available.
90.00 No dataNo dataNo dataNo data 90.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with access to a ‘limited water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
42.00 No dataNo dataNo data 74.0 (2016) 10.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with no access to a water service N/A No dataNo dataNo data 26.0 (2016) 0 (2016)
% of rural schools with access to ‘basic water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic water service refers to water that is on site, an improved source and available.
61.00 No dataNo dataNo dataNo data 61.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with access to a ‘limited water service'
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
45.50 No dataNo dataNo data 61.0 (2016) 30.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with no access to a water service 24.00 No dataNo dataNo data 39.0 (2016) 9.0 (2016)
% of primary schools with access to ‘basic water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic water service refers to water that is on site, an improved source and available.
39.00 No dataNo data 39.0 (2016)No dataNo data
% of primary schools with access to a ‘limited water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
55.33 20.0 (2016) 74.0 (2016)No data 72.0 (2016)No data
% of primary schools with no access to a water service 44.67 80.0 (2016) 26.0 (2016)No data 28.0 (2016)No data
% of secondary schools with access to ‘basic water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic water service refers to water that is on site, an improved source and available.
51.00 No dataNo data 51.0 (2016)No dataNo data
% of secondary schools with access to a ‘limited water service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
67.00 54.0 (2016) 80.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo data
% of secondary schools with no access to a water service 33.00 46.0 (2016) 20.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo data
% of schools with access to ‘basic sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic sanitation service refers to an improved sanitation source that is usable and segregated by gender.
71.33 No dataNo data 88.0 (2016) 47.0 (2016) 79.0 (2016)
% of schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
40.20 40.0 (2016) 100.0 (2016) 12.0 (2016) 28.0 (2016) 21.0 (2016)
% of schools with no access to a sanitation service 17.00 60.00 (2016) 0 (2016) 0 (2016) 25.00 (2016) 0 (2016)
% of urban schools with access to ‘basic sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic sanitation service refers to an improved sanitation source that is usable and segregated by gender.
74.00 No dataNo dataNo data 68.0 (2016) 80.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
46.00 No data 100.0 (2016)No data 18.0 (2016) 20.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with no access to a sanitation service 4.67 No data 0 (2016)No data 14.00 (2016) 0 (2016)
% of rural schools with access to ‘basic sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic sanitation service refers to an improved sanitation source that is usable and segregated by gender.
61.00 No dataNo dataNo data 43.0 (2016) 79.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
50.33 No data 100.0 (2016)No data 30.0 (2016) 21.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with no access to a sanitation service 9.00 No data 0 (2016)No data 27.00 (2016) 0 (2016)
% of primary schools with access to ‘basic sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic sanitation service refers to an improved sanitation source that is usable and segregated by gender.
69.00 No dataNo data 91.0 (2016) 47.0 (2016)No data
% of primary schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
25.33 39.0 (2016)No data 9.0 (2016) 28.0 (2016)No data
% of primary schools with no access to a sanitation service 28.67 61.0 (2016)No data 0 (2016) 25.0 (2016)No data
% of secondary schools with access to ‘basic sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic sanitation service refers to an improved sanitation source that is usable and segregated by gender.
84.00 No dataNo data 84.0 (2016)No dataNo data
% of secondary schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
56.67 54 (2016)No data 16 (2016) 100 (2016)No data
% of secondary schools with no access to a sanitation service 15.33 46.00 (2016)No data 0 (2016) 0 (2016)No data
% of schools with access to ‘basic hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic hygiene service refers to a facility with water and soap.
28.50 6.0 (2016)No data 48.0 (2016) 23.0 (2016) 37.0 (2016)
% of schools with access to a ‘limited hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited hygiene service refers to a hygiene service with water access.
21.50 18.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo data 25.0 (2016)
% of schools with no access to a hygiene service N/A 77.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo data 39.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with access to ‘basic hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic hygiene service refers to a facility with water and soap
52.00 No dataNo dataNo data 52.0 (2016) 52.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with access to a ‘limited hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited hygiene service refers to a hygiene service with water access.
19.00 No dataNo dataNo dataNo data 19.0 (2016)
% of urban schools with no access to a hygiene service 29.00 No dataNo dataNo dataNo data 29.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with access to ‘basic hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic hygiene service refers to a facility with water and soap.
22.50 No dataNo dataNo data 15.0 (2016) 30.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with access to a ‘limited hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited hygiene service refers to a hygiene service with water access.
26.00 No dataNo dataNo dataNo data 26.0 (2016)
% of rural schools with no access to a hygiene service 44.00 No dataNo dataNo dataNo data 44.0 (2016)
% of primary schools with access to ‘basic hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic hygiene service refers to a facility with water and soap.
14.00 5.0 (2016)No dataNo data 23.0 (2016)No data
% of primary schools with access to a ‘limited hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited hygiene service refers to a hygiene service with water access.
16.00 16.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo dataNo data
% of primary schools with no access to a hygiene service 79.00 79.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo dataNo data
% of secondary schools with access to ‘basic hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: Basic hygiene service refers to a facility with water and soap.
7.00 7.00 (2016)No dataNo dataNo dataNo data
% of secondary schools with access to a ‘limited hygiene service’
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited hygiene service refers to a hygiene service with water access.
39.00 39.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo dataNo data
% of secondary schools with no access to a hygiene service 54.00 54.0 (2016)No dataNo dataNo dataNo data
Health
Life Expectancy at Birth (Years) 65.04 65.5 (2016) 67.0 (2016) 67.1 (2016) 65.7 (2016) 59.9 (2016)
Under 5 Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) 50.72 59.2 (2015) 49.4 (2015) 41.7 (2015) 48.7 (2015) 54.6 (2015)
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases among children aged under 5 years 39K 14.70K (2015) 8.92K (2015) 1.59K (2015) 5.85K (2015) 7.89K (2015)
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH among children aged under 5 years
Source: WASHwatch Calculations based on data from The Lancet Read our blog on WASH related Diarrheal Disease to learn more.
23K 8.50K (2015) 5.17K (2015) 0.92K (2015) 3.39K (2015) 4.58K (2015)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Water Point N/A 32.0 (2012) 83.0 (2010) 71.0 (2007) 65.0 (2006) 66.0 (2008)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Sanitation Facility N/A 85.0 (2013) 98.0 (2011) 73.0 (2008) 93.0 (2007) 59.0 (2009)
% of Health Care Facilities with Access to a Hygiene Point N/A No data 58.0 (2010) 22.0 (2007) 59.0 (2006) 44.0 (2008)
% of Stunting in Children Under 5 38.00 40.0 (2014) 26.0 (2014) 38.0 (2015) 35.0 (2014) 34.0 (2012)
Cholera Cases Reported 26K 1.68K (2010) 13.30K (2015) 0.01K (2012) 11.60K (2015) 1.46K (2015)
Education
Adult Literacy Rate (% of population over 15) 70.48 49.0 (2015) 78.0 (2015) 71.2 (2015) 80.4 (2015) 73.8 (2015)
Infrastructures
Total cost to extend basic water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000 USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 705K 221.0K (2015) 113.0K (2015) 37.0K (2015) 256.0K (2015) 77.3K (2015)
Total cost to extend adequate sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 5M 3,510K (2015) 794K (2015) 87K (2015) 510K (2015) 269K (2015)
Total cost to extend hygiene services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 749K 126.0K (2015) 72.4K (2015) 14.4K (2015) 491.0K (2015) 45.5K (2015)
Total cost to extend safely managed water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 4M 996K (2015) 658K (2015) 168K (2015) 1,390K (2015) 851K (2015)
Total cost to extend safely managed sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) 4G 1,860M (2015) 650M (2015) 131M (2015) 1,060M (2015) 456M (2015)