Eritrea

See declarations this country has signed, progress made, supporting evidence and more information.

Participate

The colours indicate how much progress has been made.

10.50
0.66 - 1
Good
0.33 - 0.65
Some
0 - 0.32
Little or none

The markings indicate score validity.

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General

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Population - 2015
5.23M
×
Source: World Bank
Year Value
2015 5,227,791
2014 5,110,444
2013 4,998,824
2012 4,892,233
2011 4,789,568
2010 4,689,664
2009 4,593,549
2008 4,500,638
2007 4,406,299
2006 4,304,440
2005 4,191,273
2004 4,064,958
2003 3,928,408
2002 3,788,532
2001 3,655,006
2000 3,535,156
% of Population living in Urban Environment - 2015
23
×

Water

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Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' water - 2015
4.22M
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
Year Value
2015 4,219,333
2014 4,138,401
2013 4,061,005
2012 3,986,681
2011 3,912,114
2010 3,838,961
2009 3,768,107
2008 3,699,176
2007 3,628,338
2006 3,550,642
2005 3,462,926
2004 3,363,704
2003 3,255,344
2002 3,143,579
2001 3,036,495
2000 2,940,257
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' water - 2015
19.3
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
Year Value
2015 19.290
2014 19.021
2013 18.761
2012 18.510
2011 18.320
2010 18.140
2009 17.970
2008 17.808
2007 17.656
2006 17.512
2005 17.378
2004 17.251
2003 17.133
2002 17.024
2001 16.922
2000 16.828
% of Population using 'limited' water source - 2015
43.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ water source refers to drinking water from an improved source for which collection time exceeds 30 minutes for a round trip including queuing.
Year Value
2015 43.007
2014 43.080
2013 43.151
2012 43.220
2011 43.643
2010 44.068
2009 44.492
2008 44.918
2007 45.343
2006 45.769
2005 46.194
2004 46.619
2003 47.044
2002 47.469
2001 47.893
2000 48.316
% of Population using an 'unimproved' water source - 2015
16.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ water source refers to drinking water from an unprotected dug well or unprotected spring.
Year Value
2015 16
2014 16
2013 16
2012 16
2011 18
2010 19
2009 20
2008 21
2007 22
2006 24
2005 25
2004 26
2003 27
2002 28
2001 30
2000 31
% of Population using surface water - 2015
21.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Surface water’ refers to drinking water directly from a river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation canal.
Year Value
2015 21
2014 22
2013 22
2012 22
2011 20
2010 19
2009 18
2008 16
2007 15
2006 13
2005 12
2004 10
2003 9
2002 7
2001 5
2000 4
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' water - 2015
6.00
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
Year Value
2015 6
2014 6
2013 6
2012 6
2011 6
2010 6
2009 6
2008 6
2007 6
2006 6
2005 6
2004 6
2003 6
2002 6
2001 6
2000 6
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' water - 2015
66.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' water refers to 'basic' drinking water that is from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. It also includes 'safety managed' water where data is available which refers to drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination.
Year Value
2015 66
2014 66
2013 66
2012 66
2011 66
2010 66
2009 66
2008 66
2007 67
2006 67
2005 67
2004 67
2003 67
2002 67
2001 67
2000 67

Sanitation

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Total number of people lacking access to 'at least basic' sanitation - 2015
4.64M
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
Year Value
2015 4,639,271
2014 4,540,290
2013 4,445,984
2012 4,355,772
2011 4,277,316
2010 4,200,954
2009 4,127,599
2008 4,056,749
2007 3,984,191
2006 3,904,385
2005 3,813,783
2004 3,710,608
2003 3,597,381
2002 3,480,337
2001 3,368,358
2000 3,268,270
% of Population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation - 2015
11.30
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
Year Value
2015 11.258
2014 11.157
2013 11.059
2012 10.966
2011 10.695
2010 10.421
2009 10.144
2008 9.863
2007 9.580
2006 9.294
2005 9.007
2004 8.717
2003 8.427
2002 8.135
2001 7.843
2000 7.549
% of Population using 'limited' sanitation service - 2015
4.57
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Limited’ sanitation facilities refers to improved facilities shared between two or more households.
Year Value
2015 4.565
2014 4.505
2013 4.447
2012 4.391
2011 4.327
2010 4.262
2009 4.197
2008 4.131
2007 4.065
2006 3.998
2005 3.931
2004 3.864
2003 3.797
2002 3.731
2001 3.664
2000 3.598
% of Population using an 'unimproved' sanitation service - 2015
8.15
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Unimproved’ sanitation facilities refers to the use of pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines.
Year Value
2015 8.147
2014 8.061
2013 7.978
2012 7.898
2011 7.261
2010 6.637
2009 6.025
2008 5.424
2007 4.834
2006 4.254
2005 3.683
2004 3.121
2003 2.568
2002 2.022
2001 1.484
2000 0.953
% of Population who defecate in the open - 2015
76.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: ‘Open Defecation’ refers to the disposal of human faeces in fields, forests, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches or other open spaces, or with solid waste.
Year Value
2015 76
2014 76
2013 77
2012 77
2011 78
2010 79
2009 80
2008 81
2007 82
2006 82
2005 83
2004 84
2003 85
2002 86
2001 87
2000 88
% of rural population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation - 2015
6.00
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
Year Value
2015 6
2014 6
2013 6
2012 6
2011 6
2010 5
2009 5
2008 5
2007 4
2006 4
2005 3
2004 3
2003 3
2002 2
2001 2
2000 2
% of urban population with access to 'at least basic' sanitation - 2015
29.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: 'At least basic' sanitation refers to 'basic' sanitation that is the use of improved facilities that are not shared with other households. It also includes 'safety managed' sanitation where data is available which refers to sanitation facilities that are improved facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated off site.
Year Value
2015 29
2014 29
2013 29
2012 29
2011 29
2010 30
2009 31
2008 31
2007 32
2006 32
2005 33
2004 33
2003 34
2002 35
2001 35
2000 36

WASH Finance

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Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received ($USD in Millions) - 2016
69
×
Source: OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
Year Value
2016 68.673
2015 97.499
2014 73.922
2013 74.679
2012 121
2011 112
2010 133
2009 114
2008 121
2007 134
2006 145
Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation ($USD in Millions) - 2016
0.80
×
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
Year Value
2016 0.795
2015 0.424
2014 0.508
2013 0.767
2012 1.120
2011 2.466
2010 5.644
2009 5.821
2008 7.060
2007 2.986
2006 6.979
% of the Total Official Development Assistance (ODA) Received Spent on Water and Sanitation - 2016
0.01
×
Source: WASHwatch calculations based on data from OECD-DAC Creditor Reporting System
To discover our methodology for how we present ODA data read our blog: Changing Statistics: How We Report Official Development Assistance Data
Year Value
2016 0.012
2015 0.004
2014 0.007
2013 0.010
2012 0.009
2011 0.022
2010 0.042
2009 0.051
2008 0.058
2007 0.022
2006 4.810

WASH in Schools

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% of schools with access to a ‘limited water service’ - 2016
68.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
Year Value
2016 68
% of schools with no access to a water service - 2016
32.0
×
% of primary schools with access to a ‘limited water service’ - 2016
63.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
Year Value
2016 63
% of primary schools with no access to a water service - 2016
37.0
×
% of secondary schools with access to a ‘limited water service’ - 2016
77.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited water service refers to a water service from an improved source that is not available all the time.
Year Value
2016 77
% of secondary schools with no access to a water service - 2016
23.0
×
% of schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’ - 2016
57.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
Year Value
2016 57
% of schools with no access to a sanitation service - 2016
43.0
×
% of primary schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’ - 2016
47.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
Year Value
2016 47
% of primary schools with no access to a sanitation service - 2016
53.0
×
% of secondary schools with access to a ‘limited sanitation service’ - 2016
73.0
×
Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation Note: A limited sanitation service refers to a sanitation service that is an improved service but is not usable or segregated by gender.
Year Value
2016 73
% of secondary schools with no access to a sanitation service - 2016
27.0
×

Health

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Life Expectancy at Birth (Years) - 2016
65.1
×
Year Value
2016 65.092
2015 64.636
2014 64.174
2013 63.703
2012 63.220
2011 62.718
2010 62.181
2009 61.591
2008 60.940
2007 60.230
2006 59.472
2005 58.691
2004 57.916
2003 57.174
2002 56.483
2001 55.847
2000 55.258
Under 5 Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) - 2015
46.5
×
Year Value
2015 46.500
2014 48.100
2013 49.700
2012 51.600
2011 53.500
2010 55.600
2009 57.900
2008 60.400
2007 63.200
2006 66.300
2005 69.500
2004 72.900
2003 76.500
2002 80.400
2001 84.600
2000 89.100
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases among children aged under 5 years - 2015
1.49K
×
Source: The Lancet
Year Value
2015 1,489
Total number of deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor WASH among children aged under 5 years - 2015
864
×
Source: WASHwatch Calculations based on data from The Lancet Read our blog on WASH related Diarrheal Disease to learn more.
Year Value
2015 864
% of Stunting in Children Under 5 - 2010
50.0
×
Year Value
2010 50
Cholera Cases Reported - 2008
1.0
×
Year Value
2008 1
2007 119
2006 0
2005 0

Education

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Adult Literacy Rate (% of population over 15) - 2015
73.8
×
Year Value
2015 73.800
2014 72.800
2012 70.500

Infrastructures

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Total cost to extend basic water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000 USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) - 2015
13.0K
×
Year Value
2015 12,991
Total cost to extend adequate sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) - 2015
237K
×
Year Value
2015 237,240
Total cost to extend hygiene services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) - 2015
7.33K
×
Year Value
2015 7,329
Total cost to extend safely managed water services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) - 2015
68.3K
×
Year Value
2015 68,326
Total cost to extend safely managed sanitation services to each unserved person per year in 1,000USD (including Capital, Capital Maintenance and Operational) - 2015
113M
×
Year Value
2015 112,603,000

WASH ODA Donors

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$ 486,774
$ 486,774
$ 126,031
$ 126,031
$ 122,748
$ 122,748
$ 63,241
$ 63,241