Indicator evidence

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This page shows evidence submitted by WASHwatch users for the indicator. 


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1 - Formulate, develop and implement adequately resourced national/sub national sanitation and hygiene plans with SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time‐bound) indicators that measure and report on processes and outcomes at every level including households, educational, health, public institutions and workplaces, with disaggregated reporting on gender, age, disability, marginalized and vulnerable groups.
Decided at SACOSAN V, 2013

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National Sanitation and Hygiene Plans with SMART indicators have been
No such process initiated
Initiated to but the process not completed
Developed and published/issued
Developed, published/issued and being implemented
× 25%

Comments on Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin budget 2016-17

In its article "What ‘Swachh Bharat’ Ignores Is The Very Reason Why India Can’t Be Open Defecation Free" the YouthKiAwaaz collective declare that "Apart from the sorry state of maintenance, not much is being done to inculcate behavioural change in people"

In this tweet Andres Huesco from WaterAid asks :"If SwachhBharat is about behaviour change, how come that gets only 1% of total expenditure?"

In this article "Move to sanitation plus: Swacch Bharat must switch to a broader understanding of what will make India truly swacch" Naina Lal Kidwai, Country Head of HSBC India, says "SwachhBharat has so far still seemingly focussed on the number of toilets to be constructed [...] there is a dire need to shift the focus from just build to Build, Use, Maintain and Treat". ​

Analysis of Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin budget brief 2016-17

Allocations for Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin increased over three-fold from `2,850 crore in FY 2014-15 to `9,000 crore in FY 2016-17. Part of this jump is due to the introduction of the SBM cess in November 2015.

* Release of SBM funds to states has been slow. 
Till February 2016, only 49% of the total allocation had been sanctioned by Government of India (GOI).
* Construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) accounted for 97% of the total expenditure between April 2015 and February 2016. Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities accounted for only 1% of total expenditure. This is a 3 percentage point drop from FY 2014-15. 
* I
n the last two years, less than 50% of eligible households who had applied to SBM for a toilet construction grant actually received it. Most households were unaware of the Swachhata Doots and Panchayat Samiti in their village.


Achievement reported for commitment "A % increase in budget allocation for sanitation Urban+ Rural"

Swachh Bharat Mission, launched in October 2014 aims to eliminate open defecation from the country by 2019. The mission also aims to promote better hygiene behavior amongst the population and improve cleanliness in the country. For urban areas, the Ministries of Urban Development (MoUD) and Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA) while for rural areas, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) are the nodal agencies for the overall policy, planning, funding and coordination of programmes of drinking water and sanitation in the country. Some elements of sanitation in urban areas are also included in the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and urban transformation (AMRUT includes components like sewerage and septage management) and smart city, (cities to develop city sanitation plans to address SLWM), which have recently been launched to improve sanitation in urban areas. Ministry of Human Resource Development, GoI, launched the Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya (SBSV) campaign as a part of the SBM, which aimed to provide separate boys and girls toilets. MDWS with the support of UNICEF and other development partners developed the National Sanitation and Hygiene Advocacy and Communication Strategy Framework (SHACS) in 2012 with focus on four critical sanitation and hygiene behaviour. The initiative to develop a state- specific sanitation and hygiene advocacy and communication strategy has been undertaken by various states. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has developed an online monitoring system for SBM (G) and similarly data exists for SBM (U) as well. From 2013 onwards, there has been an increase in budget allocation for sanitation sector. With respect to indicators, even though data exists for HHs, marginalized, vulnerable groups for rural segment, but comparatively limited data is available for urban areas (Datasets like SLBs, Rating of cities are released on a regular basis). However there also seems to be discrepancy in the data reported, especially the number of school toilets constructed as per the links attached. As per CSR guidelines, all CPSEs are supposed to be spending a certain earmarked fund each year in creating and sustaining socially beneficial projects (including sanitation). CPSEs and corporate houses may partner with MDWS, local authorities and leading NGOs in various activities like constructing and maintaining public toilets, individual toilets, SLWM projects

CSO Traffic Light Paper scores and evidence, India, 2016

Traffic Lights Paper (TLP)/Progress Chase Matrix of the commitments made by the countries represented at the South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN) V held in Kathmandu, Nepal during October 2013. It was prepared in close consultation with FANSA and WaterAid India, and other key stakeholders in the sanitation sector.

A % increase in budget allocation for sanitation (Urban+ Rural+ Schools + Any Other) over the past two years
Nil or negative growth compared to 2013 budget
Less than 20% higher than 2013 budget
20% to below 30% higher than 2013 budget
30% and above increase over the 2013 budget
× 25%
A % of allocated budget actually spent over the past two years
Less than 50%
50% to below 70%
70 % to below 80%
80% and above
× 25%
Disaggregated reporting on sanitation coverage of the marginalized and vulnerable groups
No progress at all
Efforts being made to redesign the MIS and reporting systems
Disaggregated data available only for some categories
Disaggregated data system in place and data available for all categories
× 25%